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Ingelheim, Germany, 12 September, 2012 – New findings presented today at the 2nd Asia Pacific Stroke Conference in Tokyo, Japan, have confirmed that in Asian populations, Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate) offers considerable benefits for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) from this region.1 The new sub-analysis of the RE-LY®* trial2,3 demonstrates consistently superior efficacy of Pradaxa® (150 mg) compared to warfarin for this particular patient group. Pradaxa® (150 mg) also shows larger risk reductions in the rate of haemorrhagic stroke and systemic embolism (SE) iin addition to providing greater reductions in major and total bleeding.1
There is a vast and increasing number of Asian people living with atrial fibrillation, with over 8 million people being treated for the condition in China alone.4 In the Asia-Pacific region, it is reported that over 5.1 million people suffer a first-ever AF-related stroke each year, with this number expected to rise dramatically as the population ages.5
Regional and ethnical differences are known to account for variances in treatment responses and can ultimately affect patient outcomes.6 The sub-group analysis involved 2,782 patients with AF from ten Asian countries, which represented approximately 15% of the 18,113 patients involved within the RE-LY® trial.2,3 Key findings from the sub-group analysis included:
"The findings of this study reaffirm the efficacy and safety of dabigatran etexilate for the treatment of people living with atrial fibrillation around the world," commented Professor Gregory Lip, Professor of cardiovascular medicine at University of Birmingham Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, UK, on the findings. "This analysis provides doctors who are practicing in this region with further guidance and support for the use of this oral anticoagulant and the benefits that it can deliver to patients."
The sub-analysis also highlighted that there are known variances between populations especially when considering the time a patient is within the therapeutic range or the rates of intracranial haemorrhages. Asian patients with AF spent less time within the therapeutic range than non-Asian patients (mean 55% versus 66%) . This puts Asian patients at increased risk of stroke and systemic embolism. The rate of haemorrhagic stroke on warfarin treated patients was subsequently more than two-fold higher in Asian than in non-Asian patients (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3-4.7; p<0.05)1. These findings may also be important for countries with a high Asian sub-population like United States of America or the United Kingdom. The benefits of Pradaxa® now seen for the Asian population are consistent with the overall conclusions from the RE-LY® trial. Pradaxa® 150 mg bid is the only novel oral anticoagulant, study of which has shown a significant reduction of ischaemic strokes in patients with non-valvular AF compared to warfarin, offering a relative risk reduction of 25%.2,3 In RE-LY®, a PROBE trial (prospective, randomized, open-label with blinded endpoint evaluation) Pradaxa® 150 mg bid provided a 35% reduction in the overall risk of stroke and systemic embolism versus well-controlled warfarin (INR 2-3, median TTR 67%7).2,3** Pradaxa® 110 mg bid, which is indicated for certain patients, was shown to be non-inferior compared to well-controlled warfarin for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism.2,3
In the overall trial, both doses of Pradaxa® were associated with significantly lower total, intracranial and life-threatening bleeding compared to well-controlled warfarin, and Pradaxa® 110 mg bid additionally demonstrated significantly lower major bleeding versus warfarin.2,3
NOTES TO THE EDITORS
Stroke Prevention in Atrial FibrillationAF is the most common sustained heart rhythm condition,8 with one in four adults over the age of 409 developing the condition in their lifetime. People with AF are more likely to experience blood clots, which increases the risk of stroke by five-fold.9,10 Up to three million people worldwide suffer strokes related to AF each year.11-14 Strokes due to AF tend to be severe, with an increased likelihood of death (20%), and disability (60%).15
Ischaemic strokes are the most common type of AF-related stroke, accounting for 92% of strokes experienced by AF patients and frequently leading to severe debilitation.16-20 Appropriate anticoagulation therapy can help to prevent many types of AF-related strokes and improve overall patient outcomes.21
Worldwide, AF is an extremely costly public health problem, with treatment costs equating to $6.65 billion in the US and over €6.2 billion across Europe each year.22,23 Given AF-related strokes tend to be more severe, this results in higher direct medical patient costs annually.24 The total societal burden of AF-related stroke reaches €13.5 billion per year in the European Union alone.10
RE-LY® (Randomized Evaluation of Long term anticoagulant therapY) was a global, phase III, PROBE (prospective, randomized, open-label with blinded endpoint evaluation) trial of 18,113 patients enrolled in over 900 centres in 44 countries designed to compare two fixed doses of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran (110 mg and 150 mg bid) each administered in a blinded manner, with well-controlled (INR 2.0-3.0, median TTR 67%7) open label warfarin.2,3 Patients were followed-up in the study for a median of 2 years with a minimum of 1 year follow-up.2
The primary endpoint of the trial was incidence of stroke (including haemorrhagic) or systemic embolism. Secondary outcome measures included all-cause death, incidence of stroke (including haemorrhagic), systemic embolism, pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and vascular death (including death from bleeding).Compared to well controlled warfarin, dabigatran etexilate showed in the trial: 2,3
About dabigatran etexilate
Dabigatran etexilate is at the forefront of a new generation of oral anticoagulants/direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs)25 targeting a high unmet medical need in the prevention and treatment of acute and chronic thromboembolic diseases.
Potent antithrombotic effects are achieved with direct thrombin inhibitors by specifically blocking the activity of thrombin (both free and clot-bound), the central enzyme in the process responsible for clot (thrombus) formation. In contrast to vitamin-K antagonists, which variably act via different coagulation factors, dabigatran etexilate provides effective, predictable and consistent anticoagulation with a low potential for drug-drug interactions and no drug-food interactions, without the need for routine coagulation monitoring or dose adjustment.
The Boehringer Ingelheim group is one of the world's 20 leading pharmaceutical companies. Headquartered in Ingelheim, Germany, it operates globally with 145 affiliates and more than 44,000 employees. Since it was founded in 1885, the family-owned company has been committed to researching, developing, manufacturing and marketing novel medications of high therapeutic value for human and veterinary medicine.
As a central element of its culture, Boehringer Ingelheim pledges to act socially responsible. Involvement in social projects, caring for employees and their families, and providing equal opportunities for all employees form the foundation of the global operations. Mutual cooperation and respect, as well as environmental protection and sustainability are intrinsic factors in all of Boehringer Ingelheim's endeavors.
In 2011, Boehringer Ingelheim achieved net sales of about 13.2 billion euro. R&D expenditure in the business area Prescription Medicines corresponds to 23.5% of its net sales.
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*RE-LY® was a PROBE trial (prospective, randomized, open-label with blinded endpoint evaluation), comparing two fixed doses of the oral direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (110mg and 150mg bid) each administered in a blinded manner, with open label warfarin.2,3
**In an intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis. The ITT analysis represents the highest standard for analysing superiority in non-inferiority trials.